Laparoscopic Surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed through small incisions, with the help of a camera. Today, laparoscopic surgery is a widely accepted surgical technique that uses long pencil-like instruments to perform operations with a camera. As the incisions are much smaller than their open counterparts, recovery is faster and post-operative pain is typically less. This surgery can now be performed as an outpatient operation. Laparoscopy has advanced sufficiently to the extent that it can be repeated for a patient who has undergone a previous laparoscopic operation. However, care needs to be taken that organs do not get injured and to this end the entry site may have to be different and an alternate entry technique may have to be used. The risk to benefit ratio of laparoscopic surgery is improving continuously in favor of benefits.
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